Chinese Qigong is a unique Chinese body-building technique. There are two basic categories: one is mainly static, standing, sitting or lying, so as to concentrate, breathe in a special way, promote circulation, digestion and other functions of the system. The other type is mainly active, generally using gentle exercise, massage and other methods, adhere to regular exercise to enhance physical fitness.
Qigong has a history of at least three thousand years in our country, and it is a treasure of our cultural heritage. It is based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and an important part of traditional Chinese medicine.
Qigong can be divided into static work and dynamic work. Quiet Gong is to take the posture of sitting, lying and standing, and use the methods of relaxation, tranquility, observance and rest. It focuses on the exercise of internal spirit, viscera, qi, blood and body fluid, so it is also called “internal work”. Kinematic work is a combination of various limb movements, beating and self-massage methods with the mind and Qi to exercise the body, muscles and bones, skin. It is also called “external work” because of its action performance. “Hard Qigong” in Qigong is an organic combination of “practicing one breath inside and practicing bones and skins outside”. It makes muscles stronger and stronger through inspiration, luck, breath holding, inflating, and with the help of external beating and impact.
Chinese Qigong has a long history in China. In ancient times, the contents of Qigong were often called Turner, Guidance, Mood, Qi, Alchemy, Buddhism, Zen and so on. There are few words of “Qigong” in ancient books, and occasionally the term “Qigong” appears without complete explanation. Until the 1950s, Liu Guizhen wrote in his book Qigong Therapy Practice: “Qi” means breathing here, and “Gong” means the practice of constantly adjusting breathing and posture…” It is generally believed that the word “Qigong” has been determined and spread since then. Some foreign materials translate Qigong into “deep breathing exercise method”, and some domestic reference books copy it. Obviously, they do not realize the essence of Qigong. In fact, Qigong exercise includes three kinds of means: breathing, posture and idea. Each kind of means has a variety of exercise methods. Deep breathing is only one of many breathing exercise methods. It can be seen that the definition of Qigong as “deep breathing exercise method” is too one-sided. If we define Qigong from the point of view of traditional Chinese medicine: Chinese Qigong is a method of self-exercise to harmonize Qigong’s own Qigong by regulating spirit.
Chinese Qigong is a kind of physical and mental exercise method, which aims at preventing and treating diseases, prolonging health and exploiting potential by means of adjusting mind, breathing and body. Chinese Qigong is gradually summarized and formed in the practice of production, life and medical care. Qigong therapy is related to and different from sports therapy. It can include sports therapy, but sports therapy can not replace Qigong therapy. Limb movement has always been only one of the means of Qigong’s adjustment of mind. Respiratory movement also serves for the adjustment of mind. The three tones are a unified whole and must take the adjustment of mind as the core. Internal training and external training are combined, and internal training should be the main method. Qigong Qi refers to “internal Qi” and “true Qi”, which is a kind of energy owned by human body between ultraviolet ray and infrared ray. Qigong therapy has comprehensive characteristics, at least it is a combination of psychotherapy and sports therapy. Chinese Qigong therapy includes psychotherapy, but it is different from psychotherapy. Psychotherapy generally refers to the doctor’s use of language, expression, posture, attitude, etc. to reasoning and suggestive treatment for patients in awakening state; or some special induction methods to cause a hypnotic state which is somewhat similar to sleep on the surface, and then suggestive treatment for patients in hypnotic state. So the patient is always passive. Qigong therapy is characterized by giving full play to patients’subjective initiative. Under the guidance of doctors, patients can strengthen their self-control ability through self-exercise and achieve results. There are essential differences between Chinese Qigong and religion. As a science, Qigong does not involve the purposes and doctrines of various sects, but only extracts the connotation of science from the practice of practicing. This is reflected in the Taoist and Buddhist sutras, which also recorded a lot of ancient Qigong data. In addition, some theories in religion are often used for reference by practitioners.
Primitive Qigong has no name, and later part of it is called “dance”. As mentioned in “Lushi Spring and Autumn Period”, it is not easy to shrink the bones and muscles, so it is used as a dance to promote it. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Qigong was summarized in the “Guidance and Pressure”, such as “Flaccidity, Fever and Fever” in “Su Question, Different Ways and Approaches”, and “Guidance and Pressure to Seek” in the works of famous writers of past dynasties, such as meditation, fetal breath, Xingqi, Qi dressing, Qi regulating, Zhou Tian, Neidan, etc. were also included in the content of Qigong. As for the word “Qigong”, it was first found in the book “Jingming Religious Record” written by Xu Xun, a Taoist scholar in Jin Dynasty. Even though it was a masterpiece of later generations, it was also in the Sui and Tang Dynasties at the latest. After Sui and Tang Dynasties, Zhongshan Jade Cabinet Suits Qijing recorded: “Qigong miracle, Qishu’s way is slightly the same…” It was only after the establishment of Beidaihe Qigong Sanatorium in the 1950s that it was gradually promoted.
The benefits of Qigong include not only health care, but also disease treatment. If patients choose Qigong as adjuvant therapy, they should choose different Qigong according to different diseases. For example, patients with stomach disease of Weikui Decoction can practise internal nourishment; cancer patients can choose to walk or Guo Linxin Qigong, self-controlled Qigong; patients with hypertension, neurasthenia and pain can choose relaxation work. Bed-ridden patients can choose to be strong and successful. The benefits of Qigong can also be beneficial to the recovery of neck and shoulder function in patients with neck and shoulder disease.
The content of Qigong is very extensive. It is characterized by the combination of mind, Qi and body through the subjective efforts of the practitioners. It mainly includes body-regulating, mind-regulating, breathing-regulating, self-massage and physical activities. Mind-regulating is to regulate psychological activities, breathing is to regulate breathing movement, and body-regulating is to regulate body posture and movement. These three tones are the basic methods of Qigong exercise and the three elements or basic norms of Qigong discipline. There are many kinds of Qigong skills, such as breathing-oriented Turning Gong, static Gong, dynamic Gong with combination of static and dynamic Gong, guiding Gong with guidance of train of thought, standing pile Gong and health massage with self-massage as the main methods.
The theory of meridians, acupoints and Qi and blood is the theoretical basis of Qigong in China. Chinese traditional medicine includes rich contents. Qigong is a magnificent pearl in the treasure house of Chinese traditional medicine. Meridian, acupoint, Qi and blood theory is the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and the theoretical basis of Qigong in China. Meridians, acupoints, Qi and blood are very complex human phenomena. It can be explained simply and vividly that meridians are the channels of Qi and blood movement, and acupoints are the entrances and exits of Qi and blood movement. The reason why Qigong fitness eliminates disease is that the acupoints are stimulated benignly and Qi and blood run smoothly in the meridians and collaterals. Chinese Qigong embodies the holistic view of the unity of heaven and man, the unity of man and nature, and the unity of form and spirit.
Chinese Qigong emphasizes the unity of man and nature, and human beings are closely related to nature. Human body is affected by climate, environment and other factors. Chinese Qigong attaches great importance to the dynamic adaptation between man and nature. Chinese Qigong emphasizes the unity of man and society. Social environment is closely related to human health and disease. Chinese Qigong practice emphasizes that people should adapt to society. Chinese Qigong emphasizes the unity of form and spirit. Qigong is a Self-physical and mental exercise method with Chinese characteristics. It can not only improve the physiological function of the human body, but also improve the psychological function of the human body.
Qigong improves the physiological and psychological functions of the human body at the same time. They are interrelated and mutually restricted.
(1) To abide by the Dantian Law  means to abide by the idea, and to abide by it. Dantian can be divided into inside and outside. The practitioner refers to Neidan, which is the part that produces vital energy. The Dantian parts of Taiji internal merit are: Qian Dantian (Guanyuan), Hou Dantian (Mingmen), Xia Dantian (Perineum), Zhong Dantian (Shanzhong), Shang Dantian (Baihui). In addition, other skills have different parts of Dantian, such as Qihai, Yintang, Shenque, Yongquan and so on, which can be consciously observed. The idea of keeping Dantian is to place the idea activities on the body part of Dantian, in order to eliminate miscellaneous ideas and enter the tranquility smoothly. We should also pay attention to the selection according to the disease.
(2) The tongue movement method is to cooperate with the breath and the tip of the tongue to rise and fall during the exercise. If the tip of the tongue is raised and lowered to the upper palate when inhaling, and the tip of the tongue falls down when exhaling, the tip of the tongue can also reach the upper palate between breathing. Another kind is that the tip of the tongue holds against the upper palate, and puts it down after work, also known as “bridging magpies”. Tongue movement and tongue touching the upper palate can eliminate misconceptions and help to enter the tranquility.
(3) Select words and phrases beneficial to physical and mental health for silent pronunciation. Such as “sitting in one’s own quiet life”, “sitting in one’s own good health” and so on. The number of words should not be too much. Generally, it is better not to exceed 12 words. Beginning with three words, beginners gradually increase the number of words. Meditation is a common method of eliminating miscellaneous ideas in the early stage of practicing Gong.
(4) The method of counting breaths is to count the number of breaths you breathe silently in practice, from a few to hundreds or thousands, or from one cycle to another, so that you can quickly enter silence.
(5) The method of listening and breathing is to listen to one’s own breathing in practice, so as to concentrate one’s mind and assist in quietness.
(6) When the method of intentionally guarding external scenery is unable to observe Dantian for some reasons, it may guard external scenery, such as the sea, pine trees, flowers, etc. Depositing ideas on a scene outside the body can also achieve a quiet state.
(7) Intentionally abide by the viscera law because of a viscera disease, in the exercise can directly abide by a viscera, such as the liver, the kidney, the heart and so on. This method is not only advantageous to tranquilizing, but also can improve the curative effect of Qi to disease.
(8) Induction exercises in which hands are placed on the lower abdomen to induce Qi to enter Dantian (abdominal breathing) or to induce self-induction by pressing and dissolving streams. It is also a common method of tranquility to be guided by others from side points, language hints, etc.
(9) Relaxation methods include partial relaxation, line relaxation and organ relaxation. This method is mostly used in the early stage of exercise, mental stress or some diseases such as hypertension, local pain and so on. Relaxation is accomplished through the mind. When inhaling, no attention is paid to it. When exhaling, a word “loose” is recited silently. If you start again and again, you can enter silence.
(10) Sound induction can be used to read words and sentences quietly (I can hear them) or to listen to the sounds of pendulums, which is also a good way to help quiet.
(11) The practice of pharynx-Jin method begins with stirring the sea (the tongue is stirred in the mouth). After the fluid is produced, it is sent to Dantian with ideas three times. It can also be used to swallow the sun, the moon, the stars, the light and so on, which can help the quiet.
(12) When vomiting is incorporated into static exercise, it can be achieved by breathing in 3-5 breaths at the beginning. These are commonly used methods of quieting, one or several can be selected at the same time, but generally not more than three, otherwise it will artificial increase miscellaneous ideas but not conducive to quieting.