Taichi is a perfect combination of Chinese dialectical theoretical thinking and martial arts, art, guidance and traditional Chinese medicine. It takes the traditional Chinese Confucian and Taoist philosophy of Taichi, Yin and Yang dialectical ideas as the core idea, and integrates many functions, such as self-cultivation, physical fitness, fighting and so on. It is a high-level human culture. As a sport form full of Oriental inclusive concept, the exercises of mind, qi, shape and spirit by its practitioners are very in line with the requirements of human physiology and psychology, and play an extremely important role in promoting individual physical and mental health and harmonious coexistence of human groups.
At present, there are two different opinions about the origin of Taichi.
One way of saying, Taichi was created by Chen Wang-ting. Chen Boshan’s martial arts, elite weapons, once set up a martial arts club in the village, began the Chen generation of practice of boxing and dancing weapons. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Chen Shi ninth Chen Wangting, based on his ancestral boxing, absorbed the essence of all kinds of excellent boxing, combined with guidance, Shu Shu and traditional Chinese medicine and meridian science, and created a new kind of internal strength boxing, named Taichi according to the meaning of yin and Yang conversion. Chen Changxing, the 14th Chen family, opened the door of spreading boxing widely. Yang Luchan, a Yongnian in Hebei Province, was his famous disciple. After that, Chen’s Taichi gradually evolved into the representative schools of “Yang, Wu, Wu, Sun” and so on.
Another way of saying is that Zhang Sanfeng founded Wudang School and Taichi, respectfully calls Zhang Sanfeng as the ancestor, which is a kind of natural attribution. Zhang Sanfeng’s Taichi, eight diagrams boxing, Xingyi Quan, five elements boxing, mixed yuan boxing and Xuanwu stick are all derived from the Taoist Scriptures. Zhang Sanfeng’s boxing method has a common characteristic, that is, paying attention to internal work and Yin-Yang changes, stressing the harmony and unity of idealism, Qi and strength, calm movement, implicit posture, vigorous and leisurely spirit. All these characteristics are consistent with Taoism’s quiet and weak, indifferent and inaction proposition and Taoism’s “Three Treasures” practice (refining gas, refining and gasifying God, refining God and returning empty). It can be said that the precious historical and cultural heritage left to future generations is to maintain health in the interior and evil in the exterior.
Taichi is a cultural form with rich elements of Chinese traditional national characteristics. Taichi is one of the most characteristic and representative philosophical thoughts in ancient China. Tai Chi Quan, based on the concept of Yin and Yang of Tai Chi, guides the whole body with ideas. Through the retrospective practice of quiet relaxation, guiding Qi with intention and stimulating Qi, it can enter the realm of “one good hand, one luck, one luck” and “one luck, one luck, one unprecedented” to achieve self-cultivation and cultivation of sentiment. The purpose of strengthening the body and prolonging life.
At the end of Yuan Dynasty and the beginning of Ming Dynasty, Wudang Taoist Zhang Sanfeng was the pioneer of Taichi in China. Later, it developed the “Thirteen Tendencies of Taichi”, which was the prototype of Taichi, and later developed into Wudang Taichi.
The basic contents of Taichi include Taichi health preservation theory, Taichi routine, Taichi apparatus routine, Taichi pusher and Taichi auxiliary training method. Its boxing routines include one way, two ways, one way and two ways. Instrument routines include single-knife, double-knife, single-sword, double-sword, single-mace, double-mace, gun, big pole and Qinglong Yanyue knife.
Taichi is implicit and restrained, continuous, with the style of flexible, rigid, rapid and flowing, which makes the mind, spirit, shape and spirit of the practitioner gradually tend to the highest level of integration. The requirement of Wushu virtue cultivation also makes the practitioner improve his own accomplishment while strengthening his physique, and enhance man and nature, man and spirit. Harmony and harmony in society. At the same time, Taichi does not exclude the training of physical fitness, stressing the combination of rigidity and softness, rather than just the performance and fitness exercises without rigidity.
The basic contents of Taichi include the theory of Yin and Yang health preservation, Taichi routine, Taichi apparatus routine, Taichi pusher and assistant training methods of Taichi. Its boxing routines include one way, two ways, one way and two ways. Instrument routines include single-knife, double-knife, single-sword, double-sword, single-mace, double-mace, gun, big pole and moon knife.
Taichi, a treasure of Chinese martial arts, has been widely respected by people all over the world. Since the 1980s, governments at all levels and the general public have become increasingly aware of the protection of the ancient cultural system of Taichi. Governments at all levels have formulated protective measures one after another. Every place with Taichi culture as the main body has held 11 international Taichi Exchange Conferences successively. Inheritors and non-governmental heritage organizations have also intensified their efforts to promote in-depth. In May 2006, Taichi was declared as the first national intangible cultural heritage by the Chinese government.