As Chinese, we should not be unfamiliar with the concept of Qigong. But we still have a doubtful attitude towards it. Sometimes we think it is a superstition, sometimes we think it is very mysterious. So, is Qigong superstitious, and what is its basic principle?
According to scholars’textual research, the word “Qigong” was first found in the book “Jingming Religious Record” written by Xu Xun, a Taoist scholar in the Jin Dynasty. In fact, “Qigong” is not evil, it is a method of health care, health preservation and disease elimination in traditional Chinese medicine. It also has another name – Dandao, that is, by adjusting their breathing, body, consciousness (breathing, body, mind) to achieve the purpose of physical fitness, longevity.
“Qigong” is an inherent product of the Chinese mainland. It has a very long history, and its content is very rich, including Turner, Qi, Qi, Qi, guidance, alchemy, Buddhism, meditation and so on. In short, the fundamental purpose of Qigong is still for people’s health, so it has a close relationship with traditional Chinese medicine. Some of the most primitive Qigong is called “dance”. “Lv’s Spring and Autumn Annals” said: “The muscles and bones are not shrinking, so as a dance to guide it.” From here, we can also see that Qigong is not mysterious, but through the movement of “dance” to adjust the body, so that the muscles and bones can stretch freely.
Fig. 1 The Spring and Autumn Period of Lu Shi is a masterpiece of Huanglao Taoism compiled by the assembled guests under the chairmanship of Lv Buwei, Prime Minister of Qin State.
During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, there appeared the so-called “guiding and pressing stilts”. What we call “Qigong” today is included. At that time, there appeared a famous Chinese medicine book, the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, which was named after the Yellow Emperor. It says, “Hold the sky and the earth, grasp Yin and yang, breathe the essence, keep watch independently, and have the same muscles.” Of course, it also mentions some methods of cultivation, such as “accumulating essence and whole spirit” and “keeping spirit together”. In fact, it is not only the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, but also some Taoist writings implicitly or explicitly record some methods of practice. For example, there is a record of “boasting or boasting” in Lao Tzu. According to expert textual research, this is actually a method of vomiting. “Chuang Tzu” also has “boasting about breathing, vomiting old and new, bears stretching through birds, for the sake of longevity. This guide, shape-keeping person, Peng Zushou examiner is also good. Record. These records are handed down from generation to generation, and now some archaeological documents have found similar records. If we look at Mr. Wang Guowei’s “double evidence method”, this undoubtedly increases the reliability of the documentary records. In the 1970s, a large number of silk books were unearthed in Mawangdui, including “Qigu Food Moisture Chapter” and color silk painting “Guidance Map”. “Qi Chapter of Chegu Food” mainly records some techniques of breathing and vomiting, while “Guidance Map” draws a variety of portraits, 44, which centrally records the history of ancient people used to treat diseases.
From these records, we can see that Qigong has a long history.
Fig. 2 The silk book of Mawangdui is full of grain gas.
However, the term “Qigong” appeared very late, and was first seen in the Jin Dynasty. The word first appeared in the book Jingming Religious Records written by Xu Xun, but some people think it is a forgery because many of the terms appeared only in the Song Dynasty. We know that Buddhism was introduced into China from the Han Dynasty, and Taoism was also rising in this period, so the religious atmosphere of this period was very strong. In order to attract followers, especially Taoism, these religions often mystify “Qigong”, believing that it can become immortal and immortal by practicing it. After the development of Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties, this phenomenon became extremely prosperous in Sui and Tang Dynasties.
In fact, when it comes to Qigong, it has something to do with Cao Cao. According to historical records, Cao Cao and his son are both Qigong enthusiasts. In order to practise Qigong, Cao Cao raised many alchemists, such as Ganshi and Huang Fulong, amounting to 16. They teach people that “despising wolves, breathing and vomiting”. When Cao Cao was idle, he would also discuss with Huang Fulong the skill of taking food and guiding food in order to prolong his life and immortality. Cao Pi also recorded in the Ceremony examples of failure caused by Qigong practice, “…
Fig. 3 Clear-cut Qigong Diagram
When we understand that “Qigong” has something in history, we have to wonder what its principle is and why it is so mysterious.
The so-called “Qigong” does not have some supernatural abilities as we imagine. In fact, it is through specific training methods to make people’s bodies and organs more orderly and coordinated in function. Of course, due to the differences in specific training methods, the final physiological changes are also different. In fact, Qigong and traditional Chinese medicine are closely related, we can not separate it to understand. We know that meridians, acupoints, Qi and blood are very important contents of traditional Chinese medicine, but also the basis of Qigong. We can vividly describe the relationship between meridians and Qi and blood. If we make an analogy, meridians are like channels for Qi and blood, and acupoints are entrances and exits for Qi and blood.
Fig. 45 A sketch of the bird play
Fig. 5 Taoist Twelve Duanjin
“Synopsis of the Golden Chamber” said: “Only when the limbs feel heavy, that is, to guide vomiting, acupuncture and moxibustion ointment, do not make nine orifices blocked. “Guidance and Turning” is a method of practicing Qigong. “Wuqinxi” is not unfamiliar to us. It was first created by Huatuo. It has been spread to today and is still used by Qigong fans. Then there appeared Ge Hong’s Bao Puzi, Tao Hongjing’s theory of nourishing life and prolonging life, Chao Yuanfang’s theory of various causes and symptoms of diseases in Sui Dynasty and Sun Simiao’s medical works on Qigong in Tang Dynasty. Li Shizhen, a medical scientist in Ming Dynasty, wrote the book “Eight Veins of the Strange Jing”. It means that the change of the meridians of the human body can be detected in the process of practicing some kind of static gong. From this, we can see the deep origin of Qigong and traditional Chinese medicine.
There are many kinds of Qigong, which can be divided into active Qigong and passive Qigong. If it is classified according to the form of exercise, there are differences between tuning Yigong, tuning Shigong and tuning Xingong. From the point of view of body motion and static work, it can be divided into two categories: dynamic work and static work.
Fig. 6 The Eight Channels Examination of Qijing, a special book on Channels, written by Ming Li Shizhen
In fact, Qigong is not mysterious, through the above introduction, we can also see one or two. But after the swaggering and cheating of the Qigong Wushu fever in the 1980s, the reputation of Qigong has become very bad. In the 1990s, Qigong gradually became silent, but the word Qigong became very popular. However, the term “Qigong” in people’s eyes was stigmatized and became a synonym for ostentation and deception. In fact, this does not complain about Qigong, but because these warlocks waved and cheated around under the banner of “Qigong”, which made Qigong a bad reputation. In a common saying, “Jing is a good classic, but unfortunately it is called a crooked monk’s misconception”!
Today, there are still some people who call themselves “masters” under the name of pseudo-qigong, but some people even believe it, including rich businessmen and celebrities. It’s weird, weird! If we know more about Qigong, we won’t have so many misunderstandings, nor will we watch some people with bad minds abuse traditional culture arbitrarily.